So here is the idea, I have heap of sensors from ebay that I have working individually (temp, Humidity, pressure etc) so why not build a weather station.
The most expensive/time consuming part would be building the mechanical stuff to detect the wind/rain (pivot bucket with magnetic sensor) and a solar panel/wifi module. Technically this should not be too hard. A 3D Printer would be handy.
The 555 Timer will trigger update events and the 4 bit timer is really there to help switch open circuits to reuse the limited analogue pins on the Ardrino, EEPROM will save data if the internet is offline. I plan on open sourcing all code and designs.